In this article, we’ll learn all we need to know about zirconium. But before we talk about the dental implant with zirconium, let’s see what zirconium is, what properties and use it has.  If you are interested in making a dental implant with zirconium, please read the following article very carefully.

So, what is zirconium

Zirconium, marked with Zr on the Periodic Desk, is a metallic most frequently present in and extracted from the silicate mineral zirconium silicate and the oxide mineral baddeleyite. Zirconium is a really robust, malleable, ductile, lustrous silver-gray metallic.

Its chemical and bodily properties are just like those of titanium. In its varied compound varieties, the grayish-white zirconium is the nineteenth most plentiful ingredient within the earth’s crust, the place it’s much ampler than copper and lead. Zirconium is extraordinarily immune to warmth and corrosion. Zirconium is lighter than metal and its hardness is just like.

Who discovered the zirconium?

Zirconium was found by German chemist Martin Heinrich Klaproth, who first remoted an oxide of the mineral zircon in 1789. The primary metallic powder was produced in 1824 by a Swedish Chemist, Jons J. Berzelius. The types of metallic that might be removed in the course of the nineteenth century, nonetheless, have been impure and thus very brittle.

The earliest methodology of purifying useable portions of the metallic was developed in 1925 by Dutch chemists Anton E. van Arkel and J. H. de Boer, who invented a thermal iodide course of by which they thermally decomposed zirconium tetraiodide.

The downside with van Arkel and de Boer’s methodology was its price, however, twenty years later William Justin Kroll of Luxembourg invented a less expensive course of, utilizing magnesium to interrupt down zirconium tetrachloride. Comparatively cheap, this course of produced zirconium in portions massive and pure sufficient for industrial use.

Since Kroll’s breakthrough, zirconium has grown to be a necessary ingredient in a number of industries: metal, iron, and nuclear energy. It’s used within the metal business to take away nitrogen and sulfur from iron, thereby enhancing the metallurgical high quality of the metal.

When added to iron to create an alloy, zirconium improves iron’s machinability, toughness, and ductility. Different widespread industrial purposes of zirconium embrace the manufacture of photoflash bulbs and surgical tools and the tanning of leather-based.

Chemical properties of zirconium

Atomic number40
Atomic mass91.22 g.mol -1
Electronegativity according to Pauling1.2
Density6.49 g.cm-3 at 20°C
Melting level1852 °C
Boiling level4400 °C
Vanderwaals radius0.160 nm
Ionic radius0.08 nm (+4)
Isotopes11
Electronic shell[ Kr ] 4d2 5s2
Energy of first ionization669 kJ.mol -1
Energy of second ionization1346 kJ.mol -1
Energy of third ionization2312 kJ.mol -1
Energy of fourth ionization3256 kJ.mol -1
Discovered byMartin Klaproth in 1789

zirconium

 

Health effects of zirconium

Zirconium and its salts typically have low systemic toxicity. The estimated dietary consumption is about 50 microg. Most passes by way of the intestine without being absorbed, and that which is adsorbed tends to build up barely extra within the skeleton than in tissue.

Zirconium 95 is among the radionuclides concerned in atmospheric testing of nuclear weapons. It’s among the many long-lived radionuclides which have produced and can proceed to provide elevated cancers danger for many years and centuries to return.

The future of the zirconium

Many consider that the way forward for zirconium lies in its use as a sophisticated ceramic. Superior ceramics—additionally known as “nice,” “new,” “high-tech,” or “high-performance” ceramics—are typically used as elements in processing tools, units, or machines as a result of they’ll carry out many features higher than competing metals or polymers.

Zirconium is pretty onerous, would not conduct warmth nicely, and is comparatively inert (i.e., it would not react readily with different components), all glorious qualities for superior ceramics. Zirconium oxide, manufactured as a ceramic, can be utilized to make crucibles for melting metals, gasoline generators, liners for jet and rocket motor tubes, resistance furnaces, ultra-high frequency furnaces, and refractories such because the going through of a high-temperature furnace wall.

Zirconium dental implant; the latest developments in implantology

Zirconium implants are already on the market to not disappear. In this part of the article, we discuss why it is so important to have the possibility to wear white implants; especially in the front.

In the discussion, we highlight some research on zirconium dental implants as material and present some cases.

As I said at the beginning of the article, if you are interested in a zirconium dental implant, please be very careful about what you are going to read.

The implants made of zirconium are now being commercialized and are going to stay on the market. In this article do we discuss why white implants are so important esthetically, especially in the upper front.

What are Zirconium implants?

Zirconium implants are made of metal-free ceramic material, which transfers the characteristic white color that they like at first sight, compared to the gray metal of classic titanium implants. Ceramic implants have been used for a long time, but they stopped being used due to relatively high fracture rates and loss of integration.

In recent times, new ceramic implants have appeared, which we could say are an improved version of these. The appearance of zirconium (a hardness similar to metal) in dentistry has favored this appearance.

What type of ceramic to implant is better?

What happens with ceramic implants is very simple: titanium implants are better because they have more studies and clinical trials behind them. And for that reason, we like them more.

The new ceramic implants (zirconium) are a great contribution to dentistry and I personally believe that they will be used more and more, they allow us to solve cases in which the patient is allergic to titanium (few), in patients with very thin periodontal biotypes and tendency to lose gum (the translucency of the gum will show a white surface and not gray) or patients who can not carry metals because they are often subject to nuclear magnetic resonances, to cite some cases.

What to choose: Zirconium or titanium implants?

At the moment that the patient suffers from the fall of one or several teeth and the dentist recommends using dental implants to replace both his health and his aesthetic dental, the first question that may arise is whether titanium or zirconium dental implants are used.

In this article we will discuss the differences between these two materials, their advantages and, finally, to make dental implants more effective, we will discuss the reasons why a dental implant can fail. We start?

In this article we will discuss the differences between these two materials, their advantages and, finally, to make dental implants more effective, we will discuss the reasons why a dental implant can fail. We start?

Dental zirconium implants What are they?

If you are not familiar with this term, a dental implant is a solution for the loss of teeth, that is, for the replacement of teeth. Its placement is carried out through surgery.

The zirconium implant is a type of dental implant that differs from the rest because it is made of a ceramic material: zirconium. They are free of metallic materials. They are known as white, aesthetic or ceramic implants.

The materials for dental implants most used are titanium and zirconium.

Ceramic implants ceased to be used due to their fragility: to their high rates of loss of integration and fracture. However, since then new ceramic materials have appeared. It could be said that zirconium implants are the improved version of these. I leave this link in case you want to know more about this material.

Characteristics and advantages of zirconium implants

  • Aesthetics: Zirconium dental implants are characterized by providing the mouth with an image very similar to that of natural teeth. Being a type of white ceramic, the results are highly aesthetic. They offer better aesthetic results than classic metal implants.
  • Resistance: Zirconium is a very resistant material.
  • Biocompatible: It is not rejected by the body.
  • Its degree of osseointegration is similar or superior to that of titanium.
  • It is not an allergenic material.
  • High resistance to temperature changes.
  • Durable: It is a very durable type of implant.

Finally, the zirconium implant is the best option for patients allergic to metallic materials.

Differences between zirconium and titanium implants

If you have ever asked yourself “What is the best dental implant?” We will try to answer this question, however, a decision of this type depends on the patient’s case.

Titanium is a biocompatible material (it is not rejected by the organism), but besides that, it is a very resistant material that withstands great pressures.

However, in the aesthetic field poses certain problems if teeth are replaced in the upper and anterior line of the mouth because if you lose surface in the gum can be exposed or exposed gray metal surface.

Dental zirconium implants are less allergenic than titanium implants. 

Causes of the failure of zirconium implants or any type of implant

If the patients have doubts about whether the implants fall, they should answer no. They do not fall, what can happen is that they can not integrate. This may be due to both the patient’s causes and other reasons.

The main reasons for the failure of the zirconium implant or any type of dental implant are the following:

  • Health problems of the patient: There have been cases in which the patient suffered some type of disease and the implants failed. These can be diabetes, hypertension, etc.
  • Patient habits: Dental hygiene is essential for the success of the implant. There are cases in which the reason for the failure of an implant is poor dental hygiene of the patient or frequent consumption of alcohol or tobacco.
  • The quality of the implant: Oral health is fundamental, so we must always choose the best quality implants. An implant is something that will stay with us for a long time and we should not skimp.
  • Professionalism: It is always advisable to go to centers where we know of the existence of excellent professionals.
  • Check periodically reviews: Whether you suffer discomfort or not, it is important to go to the reviews with the dentist to check that everything is ongoing.

Another one of the doubts that arise among the patients is “When do you realize if the surgery has been successful?”. To this question, there is not a single answer. There are patients who begin to suffer discomfort after a few days, others to weeks and, finally, others after a few months. For this reason, it is essential to go to the dentist at the time you suffer from any ailment.

Contraindications of zirconium prostheses

More and more people are seeking to recover both aesthetics and oral functionality through zirconium prostheses, this being a material that stands out mainly for its excellent results at the aesthetic level as well as we must say that it is very resistant and we It proposes a great durability.

Although it is true that we are facing a dentistry treatment that is practically compatible with any patient, we must know that there are a number of contraindications for zirconium prostheses and that they extend to dental prostheses in general, this being information that will be of interest to us. A lot of help and we will know next.

Contraindications of zirconium dental prostheses

While it is true that dental zirconium prostheses are an ideal alternative in many cases, it is necessary to say that it is not always advisable since the durability of it will depend on the state of the tooth that is restored. In this way those people who have periodontal problems or in the case that there is dental mobility, which may mean a shorter duration of dental aesthetics treatment sought by these patients.

Another situation in which the use of the zirconium prosthesis is not recommended is found in those patients who have a tooth with any other untreated oral pathology, it being necessary to previously solve this problem before starting the process of placement of the dental prosthesis.

In this way we can say that we are facing one of the most effective solutions for those people who want to recover both the aesthetics and the functionality of their mouth and is that zirconium dental prostheses not only have the peculiarity of offering an excellent aesthetics but that It should also be noted that it is resistant and biocompatible material.

And you Do you need zirconium implants?