We know that electricity is an energy, which is currently very useful for humanity, for use in computers, televisions, cars, light. Any electrical appliances need electricity to operate. In this article you will find information about the history of their discovery electricity and studies to it until today
History of electricity
Origin and history of electricity
Before you start talking about the origin and history of electricity, let alone electricity is:
Electrical electricity is an energy that comes from nature, caused when and that movement of electric charges, that is, an interaction of positive and negative energy between electrons are produced, these are conveyed by wires as wires example.
Which is energy : when it comes to energy, specifically electricity, we are talking about the time when the electric current acts in a reciprocal manner with the environment.
It is noteworthy that the electricity may be found in electrical machines, since these without electricity they are unable to work also on batteries in phones in vehicles. Because that way the vehicles need not be plugged into a power source to operate.
On the other hand when we begin to read regarding the history of electricity we note that although thanks to many scientific advances has managed to extract electricity for human use, the first and only capable of generating electrical energy is nature as lightning and centellas we see in the sky are electric shock which is called natural stream
With this electric current it is the native human can produce electricity, with the use of conductors with sufficient strength to receive, absorb and move large electric shock. The electricity produced by humans comes from instruments operating based on a natural force such as dams that extract that energy from the current produced by large amounts of water, and these serve to supply electrical current that are useful for the human being.
Now, let’s talk about the history of electricity begin to mention that electricity was not invented by man, but a discovery, since energy electricity comes directly from nature, but it is important to mention that if it had to be studied to be used and that might become as useful as it is today.
The history of electricity Thales The origin of the name as such was mentioned by the English scientist William Gilbert specifically in the sixteenth century to define static electricity. As such the term comes from the Greek electron, meaning amber lighting that produces.
It is noteworthy that so far large number of scientists were doomed to perform various experiments with static electricity, but it was the scientist Benjamin Franklin who discovered the negative and positive charges and electricity presided over the interaction of these charges, in their theory also spoke of lightning storms and power.
Many people believe that the discovery of electricity was something that happened long before because batteries that had more than 2000 years found, however it could never identify what was its use for the time.
After conducting this experiment began to make further inquiries regarding electricity by various scientists.
In 1829 Alessandro Volta invented the voltaic pile, then the lamp was invented in 1879 by Thomas Edison.
History of electricity from its beginnings to the present
Previously studied in somewhat general history of electricity, think back a little before the eighteenth century, let us analyze step by step, ie developments that have taken studies of electricity over time.
In the history of electricity specifically in the seventh century BC Greek philosophers, when it was noted that rubbing two pieces of amber (fossilized resin) between them, can be attracted or may oppose another digest is important to note that Aristotle Spoken in his writings of a mineral with the ability to attract iron, which is the magnet.
The mean age was one of the times with fewer events in the history of electricity since it was discovered very little about electricity, that because many people thought that what could produce this energy would be useless.
Later in England in the sixteenth century during the reign of Queen Elizabeth a man named William Gilbert wrote a book in which he spoke of electricity and magnetism, which was an impetus for many scientists began to feel the need to study usefulness of this energy.
The University of Leyden then created a container that could somehow sustain the current, this container was kind of capacitor current.
Later there was an event of great significance in the history of electricity, as a supplement that could generate electricity this was a voltaic battery volta 1800, which was produced by introducing zinc and copper in sulfuric acid was invented.
Also specifically in the years 1600 to 1800, they began to perform many experiments in order to understand more about this unknown phenomenon for the time, in the achievement of such experiments, knowledge of its characteristics was obtained, but not It could significantly define its usefulness to humans.
27 years later, specifically in 1827 began to meet, the usefulness of this energy, humanity began by in wire connector electricity through electric propulsions, had the ability to send messages, because it was a means communication supported by sounds and light rays.
Year after year abocaban more scientists to study electricity, through research and lots of experiments in order to learn more about this energy.
Later Michael Faraday conducted many studies that provided much knowledge as to the usefulness of this energy, as he discovered the benzol and contributed greatly to the physical, and through their discoveries could create several power generators for the magnetic flux energy, the alternator, dynamo and alternator.
Moreover, in 1746 Louis Guillaume Le Monnier a French scientist, made the first measurements regarding the transmission of electricity through the wires, plus physical
Physical Jean-Antoine Nollet a French physicist, publishes some research in terms of the electricity of bodies.
André-Marie also a physical, chemical and mathematician who made major significant to study electricity input, played an important role in terms of checking an invention called solenoid which is a coil species created by folding wire spiral forms a magnetic field when power passes constantly in it, which is the support for the creation of the electromagnet
Another important discovery in the history of electricity was carried out by the scientist Danish Oersted in 1820, when he discovered electromagnetism ,, ie the union of electricity with magnetism as such, because he noticed that the electric current could move a magnet.
In 1801 the physical Thenard disclosed that an electric current generated light output of a metal wire.
In 1827 Georg Ohm discovered that physical laws related to electricity, since made public that the relationship between residence, current and voltage.
Also in 1873, an English physicist James Maxwell, I think a treaty dealing specifically with electricity and magnetism.
Between the years 1870-1880 when the market was in terms of electricity began to grow, and this led to a great technological revolution.
History of electricity and its characters
Among the most important in the history of electricity, specifically in the discovery and study of electricity characters we find:
Thales ; 600 BC was a philosopher, mathematician, geometer, physicist and Greek legislator, This man discovered electrostatic electricity.
William Gilbert : Eighteenth Century England was a doctor, the doctor of Queen Elizabeth I and was the first to speak on electricity.
Robert Boyle : was a philosopher, Irish chemist and physicist, who observed what was the attraction and repulsion.
Stephen Gray: was a painter and chemist which determined England who were drivers and non – drivers of electric power.
Benjamin Franklin : was a scientist and inventor, whose experiment managed to discover the negative and positive charges and transit of electricity between them
Alessandro Volta was an Italian physicist who invented the voltaic battery, it should be noted that the term volt was placed in honor to its name, with the objective that was remembered in the history of electricity and magnetism.
Sir Humphry Davy : British chemist and was an inventor who created the first electric lamp, and was named as the founder of electrochemistry.
Hans Christian Oersted : was physicist and chemist, born in Denmark, Oested discovered the relationship between electricity and magnetism, which began with the use of a compass, because he noticed that electricity flowed through the needle of the compass, It notes that this was a very important event worldwide.
Michael Faraday : was a physicist, chemist UK, who conducted important research regarding electromagnetism, because he gave electromagnetic induction, the phenomenon that causes the automotive force, investigations gave way to the invention of the electric motor.
George Ohm : was a physicist, mathematician, German, conducted fruitful studies in terms of the electric current, the flow of electric charges, voltage, strength and endurance.
Hippolyte Pixii: was an inventor, born in Paris, which based on induction magnetism of Michael Faraday created the first magnet generator current.
Thomas Davenport : was a blacksmith born in the United States, which began experimenting with electro magnets, and achieving the creation of the first electric motor, which until today to been very useful, since most electrical appliances require an electric motor for operation.
James Clerk Maxwell was a Scottish physicist, who presented a mathematical theory of magnetic field, called classical theory of electromagnetic radiation, which unified the light, electricity and magnetism, the same phenomenon but with different manifestations. Notably, these studies gave ideas for the start of the radio and television.
Charles Brush: was an inventor and philanthropist, who created the first dynamo or generator, which transformed the magnetic flux into electricity. This constant current generator produced, and was built to provide electricity lamp. also was the first to use a windmill to produce electricity.
Joseph Swan: was an English chemist physicist, created the first incandescent lamp, note that this bulb was very short duration.
Thomas Edison: was an American inventor who invented another incandescent lamp, which had a longer duration, as this lasted up to forty hours without burning and the year your bulbs could last up to twelve hundred hours. Edison in 1882 founded the world ‘s first power plant called Pearl Street in New York City. Notably, Thomas Edison is one of the most famous US scientists.
Nikola Tesla was an inventor, mechanical, electrical engineer and physicist, with lots of inventions in electromagnetism, among them we highlight:
- invented the first tesla coil, which is composed of a set of resonant circuits coupled, and its function is the conversion of energy with a low voltage to high voltage energy.
- He invented the electric generator with the ability to transform mechanical energy into electrical energy.
Joseph John Thomson: was a British scientist who in 1897 discovered the electron.
Albert Einstein was a German physicist, who brought electricity to transform the daily life of humanity with the invention of devices useful, Albert Einstein explained his theories like relativity and the theory of quantum nature of light which defined the particles.
Hermann Kemper was a German engineer initiated investigations of magnetic fields with trains, magnetic levitation, the first maglev train was created.
Gordan T. Danby : American physicist, their contributions to the history of electricity was the invention of guide and inductive levitation stabilization, as well as the geometry of zero flow and the linear synchronous motor for vehicle propulsion.
Electricity line history Time
Previously we saw each of the scientists who contributed to the development of the histori electricity because let’s say the first formal experiment fuel the by Benjamin Franklin, when I discovered the positive and negative charges on the other hand were made lots of inventions enriquecienton to study this phenomenon.
But nevertheless AC 600 was discovered that amber stones are attracted, as a form of magnetism.
In the year 1600 AD a doctor named Gilbert, began using the electric force, and was one of the first to speak of electricity.
In 1752 Benjamin Franklin conducted his famous experiment.
In 1800 Alessandro Volta invented the electric battery.
And likewise each of the aforementioned scientists have succeeded in enriching the study and usefulness of this phenomenon to date. We know that today electricity is in daily use for humans.
History of Electricity and Magnetism
Before we talk about your story it is important to note that electricity and magnetism are married and both are extremely important in physics. Notably, in the same way we use electricity in our daily lives, for example, to use the phone, turn on the TV … then also use daily magnetism, such as by placing notes on the refrigerator.
It is important to know that magnetism is the manifestation of nature that allows attractive force exists between objects, ie if they attract or repel.
Now, begin to speak little about the history of electricity and magnetism.
Humanity had been very amazed by electricity without even having full knowledge about it, magnetism was born in the age of metals, with the creation of tools and weapons, it should be noted that several men of old knew a little about magnetism because I see that the stones drew iron, and it was known about magnetism.
Finally it is very important to note that experiments with electricity and magnetism, have been of great importance for humanity, as this generates static electricity
As for the history of electricity and magnetism the Greeks were the first to observe this phenomenon, this I noticed when rubbed amber which attracted small pieces of straw, as well as noting that a stone and iron attracted between yes.
It is important to note that electricity and magnetism were not directly linked to them until the nineteenth century that several studies were conducted and found that phenomena were great value, this through various theories of scientists like Albert Einstein large.
History of electricity in the world
Now that we talked about in terms of the history of electricity worldwide and discoveries, we specify a little more in some countries.
History of electricity in Venezuela
Let ‘s start by mentioning that currently the electricity situation in Venezuela is not very advanced, however, Venezuela was advised by countries like the United States.
And in 1953 to Rafael Alfonzo, military, he was delegated to guide the project to which I call “the Study Commission for the Electrification del Caroni” In the fifties the service was very inefficient there was only electricity in some villages and was delivered by private businesses.
Product subsequently left by the dictatorship many of the companies supplying electricity shut disaster. Subsequently, the state bought electricity supply companies operating in Tachira, Trujillo, Mérida, Lara Falcon, Anzoategui, Monagas, Barinas, Portuguesa, Nueva Esparta and Sucre, and formed the Compania Anonima de Administration y Fomento Electrico, CADAFE.
Then and its economy was increased thanks to oil and Venezuela’s population reached seven million inhabitants and therefore electricity demand was greater, then nine hydroelectric plants and eight thermal existed, then began to make plans to take the hydropower de Guayana and thus were attracted industry.
Later in the seventies Venezuela grew macro in terms of energy, was one of the countries with the best power supply in Latin America.
In 1963 the company Electrification del Caroni (EDELCA) was founded with the creation of this company creating what we now know as the Guri currently depends almost 100% of the country began.
Guri subsequently installed approximately in 1986, and was one of the largest plants in the world.
Notably, the system Venezuelan electricity was developed thanks to the various schemes implemented by various governments, it is important to mention that in the capital, the electricity supply was very efficient and the company was started using lots of electrical appliances, but in the states within the country it was less efficiency.
And because of this situation the state created investment plans with the aim of improving the supply and distribution of energy throughout the country.
The Venezuelan society continued to grow and supply of energy deteriorated, they began to create plans for corresponding improvements in the most backward states.
In the nineties it was when it was possible to improve this situation, and most of the country have started supplying electricity.
It is important to note that since 1998 have not invested in Venezuela ‘s electrical system currently Venezuela suffers some declines in terms of power, because in times of drought risk losing supply Guri run the main floor hydroelectric Venezuela.
electrical history of Argentina
Let’s talk about the history of electricity in Argentina and begin to mention that in the nineteenth century electricity generators supplying electricity to hotels, stations, power plants and others were created.
In 1899 he allowed the German Electricity Company Transatlantic CATE, supply electricity to the country, and likewise there were other companies supplying energy to the rest of the country.
In the 50 National Atomic Energy Commission CNEA it was founded, and began creating infrastructure plans for the electricity sector.
It is noteworthy that during the government of Juan Domingo Peron hydroelectric the following were created:
the Escaba located in the province of Tucuman, Nihuil located in the province of Mendoza, Los Quiroga located in the province of Santiago del Estero six dams-power plants located in the province of Córdoba six located in the province of Catamarca four located in the province of Black River and finally three located in the province of Mendoza.
With these hydroelectric plants produced forty-five thousand kilowatts.
After the change of government took place in Argentina, specifically when I walk Pedro Eugenio Aramburu, investment stood in the electrical system.
In 1989 they began to see the consequences of the lack of maintenance plants, and half of them were not in operation because constant blackouts were experienced , had great power shortages.
Later in 2003 , Argentina began its recovery as the electrical system, and in 2015 had already achieved a significant improvement in the area, because the state had begun to reinvest in the electrical system which contributed to the creation of new plants.
History of electricity in Mexico
The first power plant was installed in Mexico Leon, Guanajuato in 1879, this plant supplying electricity to the American factory. Later in 1889 he settled in Chihuahua the first hydroelectric plant, supplying energy to places with greater purchasing power, because then the power will be offered only to places of high social class.
In 1937 Mexico had a population of 18 inhabitants and only 7 million had electricity, as only three companies supplying electricity.
It is noteworthy that the electricity service was inefficient and very expensive, then the August 14, 1937 the Federal Electricity Commission CFE was created in order to supply electric power efficiently to the country, which allowed more Mexicans count with electricity, however, many places still lacked this vital service, so many Mexicans came out to protest, and this caused CFE create a hydroelectric project that ended up being a great hydroelectric system in Mexico.
In 1938 the CFE was the need to supply most electricity, this because many private companies that had the same purpose, and had closed.
In 1960 the electricity industry was nationalized in Mexico, and several hydroelectric plants were built, including: Necaxa, Patla, Tezcapa, Lerma, Villada, Fernández Leal, Tlilán, Juandó, Canada, Alameda, Las Fuentes, Temascaltepec, Zictepec, Zepayautla and San Simon.
In 2006 the electrical capacity was 46 GW, note that currently allow foreign companies to provide their services to the country but being regulated by the main company of the country as the electricity sector, which is the Federal Electricity Commission (CFE) who essentially controls the entire sector.
History of electricity in Peru
Electricity arrived in Peru from the year 1857. In the year 1895 the Transmission Company Electric Force was installed in 1903 a hydroelectric plant was founded in Peru this is the hydroelectric plant Chosica, which fed the Rimac river system – Santa Eulalia.
Later in 1906 several companies in the electricity industry were unified, which were La Empresa Eléctrica Santa Rosa, The Company of Urban Railway Lima, the Electric Railway Callao and Electric Tram to Chorrillos, forming Associated Electric Utilities.
In the following years several hydroelectric plants as Callahuanca, Moyopampa, and Huampaní Gino Bianchini were created.
It is noteworthy that the Inambari river plays an important role in the development of hydroelectric plants in Peru, as this may provide a potential 1,452 MW of power.
In 2008 Brazil and Peru agreed contribution in the development of hydroelectric projects, specifically with the company Southern Amazon Electrical Generation SAC (EGASUR), for the foundation of Inambari Hydroelectric Power Plant.